The epidemic shows no signs of abating. In the eight-month-old outbreak, the highest number of cases recorded in a single day occurred this week. Prime Minister Charles Michel offered the apology for the kidnapping and forced adoption of thousands of children born to mixed-race couples when Belgium ruled Congo, Rwanda and Burundi.
Returning from a trip to the Democratic Republic of Congo, the agency chief also worried that vaccine supplies could run out. Attacks by the Batende ethnic group on a Banunu community killed at least people, a team of United Nations investigators reported. Please upgrade your browser. Site Navigation Site Mobile Navigation. Latest Search Search.
Clear this text input. Maine Needed New, Young Residents. African Migrants Began Arriving by the Dozens. By Kate Taylor.
Hundreds of Thousands Flee Congo Violence, in Region Afflicted by Ebola Ethnic conflict in the northeastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo has created a humanitarian crisis and complicated the fight against an outbreak. By Nick Cumming-Bruce. By Manny Fernandez. Global health For the Third Time, W. By Donald G. McNeil Jr. Uganda Discloses Greater Ebola Threat Than Previously Known As the death toll rose to two, health officials reported three unrelated suspect cases and said as many as 27 people may have been exposed to the virus.
By Rick Gladstone. Global health A New Ebola Vaccine Strategy in Africa: Smaller Doses As violence makes it harder to reach stricken villages in Congo, experts plan to stretch supplies and to give the vaccine to everyone, not just contacts of victims. By Rukmini Callimachi and Eric Schmitt. By Rukmini Callimachi. By Steve Wembi and Joseph Goldstein. By Rachel Cernansky. By Steve Wembi. According to the International Organization for Migration , the number of immigrants in the DRC has fallen from just over one million in , to , in , to , in , to an estimated , in Official figures are unavailable, partly due to the predominance of the informal economy in the DRC.
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Data are also lacking on irregular immigrants, however given neighbouring countries' ethnic links to DRC nationals, irregular migration is assumed to be a significant phenomenon. Figures for Congolese nationals abroad vary greatly depending on the source, from three to six million. This discrepancy is due to a lack of official, reliable data. Emigrants from the DRC are above all long-term emigrants, the majority of whom live in Africa and to a lesser extent in Europe; New destination countries include South Africa and various points en route to Europe.
The DRC has produced a considerable number of refugees and asylum-seekers located in the region and beyond. Since , more than , Congolese migrants have been expelled from Angola. Christianity is the majority religion in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The most recent survey, conducted by the Demographic and Health Surveys Program in indicated that Christians constituted An indigenous religion, Kimbanguism , has the adherence of only 2.
There are about 35 million Catholics in the country  with six archdioceses and 41 dioceses. Schatzberg has called it the country's "only truly national institution apart from the state. The church owns and manages an extensive network of hospitals, schools, and clinics, as well as many diocesan economic enterprises, including farms, ranches, stores, and artisans' shops.
Kimbanguism was seen as a threat to the colonial regime and was banned by the Belgians. Kimbanguism, officially "the church of Christ on Earth by the prophet Simon Kimbangu", now has about three million members,  primarily among the Bakongo of Bas-Congo and Kinshasa. Sixty-two Protestant denominations are federated under the umbrella of the Church of Christ in Congo.
With more than 25 million members, it constitutes one of the largest Protestant bodies in the world. The first members of the Baha'i Faith to live in the country came from Uganda in Four years later the first local administrative council was elected. In the National Spiritual Assembly national administrative council was first elected. Though the religion was banned in the s and s, due to misrepresentations of foreign governments, the ban was lifted by the end of the s. In plans were announced to build a national Baha'i House of Worship in the country. Traditional religions embody such concepts as monotheism , animism , vitalism , spirit and ancestor worship , witchcraft , and sorcery and vary widely among ethnic groups.
The syncretic sects often merge elements of Christianity with traditional beliefs and rituals and are not recognized by mainstream churches as part of Christianity. New variants of ancient beliefs have become widespread, led by US-inspired Pentecostal churches which have been in the forefront of witchcraft accusations, particularly against children and the elderly.
The usual term for these children is enfants sorciers child witches or enfants dits sorciers children accused of witchcraft. Non-denominational church organizations have been formed to capitalize on this belief by charging exorbitant fees for exorcisms. Though recently outlawed, children have been subjected in these exorcisms to often-violent abuse at the hands of self-proclaimed prophets and priests. French is the official language of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is culturally accepted as the lingua franca facilitating communication among the many different ethnic groups of the Congo.
Approximately languages are spoken in the country, but only four have the status of national languages: Kituba "Kikongo ya leta" , Lingala , Tshiluba , and Swahili. Although some people speak these regional, or trade languages as first languages, most of the population speak them as a second language after their own tribal language. Lingala was the official language of the colonial army, the " Force Publique ", under Belgian colonial rule, and remains to this day the predominant language in the armed forces.
Since the recent rebellions, a good part of the army in the East also uses Swahili where it is prevalent.
When the country was a Belgian colony, the Belgian colonizers instituted teaching and use of the four national languages in primary schools, making it one of the few African nations to have had literacy in local languages during the European colonial period. This trend was reversed after independence, when French became the sole language of education at all levels.
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Since the late 19th century, traditional ways of life have undergone changes brought about by colonialism , the struggle for independence, the stagnation of the Mobutu era, and most recently, the First and Second Congo Wars. Despite these pressures, the customs and cultures of the Congo have retained much of their individuality. The country's 81 million inhabitants are mainly rural.
Another feature in Congo culture is its music. The DRC has blended its ethnic musical sources with Cuban rumba , and merengue to give birth to soukous.
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The same Congolese soukous, under the guidance of "le sapeur", Papa Wemba , have set the tone for a generation of young men always dressed up in expensive designer clothes. Many sports are played in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including football , basketball, and rugby. The sports are played in numerous stadiums throughout the country, including the Stade Frederic Kibassa Maliba. Internationally, the country is especially famous for its professional basketball NBA and football players.
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Dikembe Mutombo is one of the best African basketball players to ever play the game. Mutombo is well known for humanitarian projects in his home country. Bismack Biyombo , Christian Eyenga , and Emmanuel Mudiay are others who gained significant international attention in basketball. Several Congolese players and players of Congolese descent—including strikers Romelu Lukaku , Yannick Bolasie , and Dieumerci Mbokani —have gained prominence in world football. CD ,  a web-based daily. Congolese authors use literature as a way to develop a sense of national consciousness amongst the Congo people.
The tragic history of colonialism and war lead the Congolese people to settle in a place of complacency, accepting the culture that was forced upon them by Belgium. The Belgian attitude was paternalism, training and treating Africans as if they were children. Belgian parliament replaced the privately owned free state. This acceptance led to a diffusion of language, and many Congolese people spoke, and wrote in French.