Le gascon contient des traces linguistiques provenant d'un proto-basque, ce qui le distingue nettement des autres langues ou dialectes d' oc voisines. Shane Tiernan, the Beast of Tallavan aristocratic society, needs relief from the matriarchal rules that are destroying his life.
The reforms of Education Minister Jules Ferry between andwhich introduced a secular, compulsory and free education system, were not merely the product of a benign and rational philosophy going back to the Enlightenment, but also the expression of a will to forge a homogenous state through a common education and language.
Muriel Bouvart France Les langues anciennes sont essentielles. What happens to our understanding or even interpretation of text when it depends as much, if not more on the materiality of the text than on the words themselves.